City Profile: Kigali

Rwanda is experiencing rapid development and urbanization in the Post-genocide perpetrated against
Tutsi (1994) period. Kigali as the capital and the leading city is undergoing remarkable changes in the
process of modernization. This is being done through the rejuvenation of commercial areas, building
of new business offices and quality infrastructure, improvement of urban service delivery, tourism and
industrial development (Kigali Special Economic Zone). Together with a clean city policy, the City of
Kigali is now known to be one of the cleanest cities in Africa. This has been effectively achieved through
consistent and integrated urban policies. However, the city has been facing challenges related to informal
settlements and equitable provision of urban services to all residents. In this paper, data from
secondary sources, mainly official reports, policy documents and academic papers, are presented and
discussed through various perspectives related to the urban growth of Kigali. Likewise, the implications
of existing policies on the implementation of strategic initiatives have also been highlighted.

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