. Share of urban and rural population by region 1950-2050 . Source: Eurostat.
The post-industrial society has been characterized by a steady shift from rural to
urban living. Nowadays 55% of the world’s population lives in urban areas and,
according to the World Urbanization Prospect published by the United Nations, this
percentage is expected to reach a share of 68% by 2050 . The OECD countries
have shown this tendency since the half of the twentieth century, increasing their
urban percentage from 56% to 80 % in the last seventy years. Despite this, a further
increase of that share in developed countries is forecasted. Developing countries
have subsequently followed the same path and nowadays their urbanization rate is
faster compared to historical trends of OECD countries 
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