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Layer 4: Stocks and flows

4.04. Extraction: Mining

All mineral extraction that takes place within the system boundaries. This can include commodities like sand, gravel,clay, limestone, salt, coal, or gas, but also metals including iron, copper, gold, zinc, or uranium. For a more detailed breakdown by material type, look at MF2, MF3, and MF4 in the Eurostat material catalogue, or explore the economic activities listed under NACE code B.


Title Type Author(s) Year
Harmony Gold Mine Operational Performance Report 2019 Report Harmony Gold Mine 2019 Add image
MINERAL RESOURCES AND MINERAL RESERVES Supplement to the Integrated Annual Report 30 June 2019 Report Harmony Gold Mine 2019 Add image
Post-mining landscapes within the City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality: Assessing the opportunity to create Stone paper from rock wastes (Builder’s rubble, mine tailings and mine dumps). Report Resources et al. 2016 Add image

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